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ECED217 - Young Child with Special Needs: Court Case Assignment Resources


Assignment Requirements

  • 3-5 pages recommended
  • Three sources
  • MLA Format
Legislative Acts
  • L.H. v. Hamilton County (2018) 
  • Hartmann v. Loudoun County (1997)
  • L.B. and J.B. ex rel. K.B. v. Nebo UT School District (2004)
  • T. R. v. Kingwood Township (NJ) (3rd Cir. 2000)
  • Lester H. v. Gilhool, 916 F.2d 865 (3rd Cir. 1990)
  • Florence County School District Four v. Shannon Carter, (1993)
  • Irving Independent School District v. Amber Tatro (1984)
  • L.V. v. New York City Dep’t of Educ., 77 IDELR 13 (S.D.N.Y. 2020)
  • Doug C. v. Hawaii (2013)
  • Zachary Deal v. Hamilton Bd. of Ed (2004)
  • Shapiro v. Paradise Valley Unified School District (2004)
  • Sacramento City School District  v. Rachel H (1994)
  • Zobrest vs Catalina School District (1993)
  • Rome Sch. Comm. v. Mrs. B., 247 F.3d 29 (1st Cir. 2001)
  • Verhoven v. Brunswick Sch. Com., 207 F.3d 1 (1st Cir. 1999)
Search Tips
  1. General search for "least restrictive environment" 
  2. Use PART of the title of the case as a search term
  3. Keyword search: [identify the disability] + early childhood education

Start your research with EBSCO Discovery! 

In-Text Citations

MLA in-text citations include:

  • The author(s) last name or a shortened title of the work if there is no author
  • Page number for a direct quote or paraphrase

You must also have a corresponding citation in your works cited list.


One Author

Author's last name and page number

(Jones 62)

No Author

Use a shortened title of the work

("Climate Change Today")

Two Authors

Connect both authors' last names with and, and include the page number

(Jones and Martinez 75)

Three or More Authors

Use the first author's last name and et al., and include the page number

(Jones, et al. 23)

Sample MLA Citations & Paper Formatting Resources


Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Publisher, Publication date.

Book Chapter

Lastname, Firstname. “Chapter Title.” Book Title. Editor, Publisher, Year, Chapter Page Numbers.

Journal Article

Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, vol. #, issue #, Day Month Year, pages.


Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Article or Page." Title of Website, Publisher, Publication date, URL.

Article in a Library Database

Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal vol. #, no. #, date year, pp. ##-##. Title of Database, doi:10.1017/S0018246X06005966. Accessed [Date Month Year].

Quick Links

DON'T use these cases

You may not use cases from your textbook, which are: 

  • Brown v. Board of Education 1954
  • Hobson v. Hansen 1967
  • Diana v. State Board of Education 1970
  • Pennsylvania Association of Retarded Children v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 1972
  • Mills v. Board of Education of the District of Columbia 1972
  • Larry P. v. Riles 1072, 1979
  • Jose P. v. Ambach 1979
  • Armstrong v. Kline 1979
  • Tatro v. State of Texas 1980
  • Board of Education v. Rowley 1982
  • Honig v. Doe 1988
  • Daniel R.R. v. State Board of Education 1989
  • Oberti v. Board of Education of the Borough of Clememton School District 1992
  • Agostini v. Felton 1997
  • Cedar Rapids Community School District v. Garret F.1999
  • Arlington Central School District Board of Education v. Murphy 2006
  • Winkelman v. Parma City School District 2007
  • Forest Grove School District v.T.A.2009
  • Fry v. Napolean Community Schools 2017
  • Endrew F. v. Douglas County School District 2017

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