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Citation Tools: MLA

MLA, 8th ed.

MLA is the citation style of the Modern Languages Association. It is most commonly used in English, the Arts, and Humanities.

MLA citations contain the following core elements that should be listed in the following order when you create a citation:

  1. Author.
  2. Title of source.
  3. Title of container,
  4. Other contributors,
  5. Version,
  6. Number,
  7. Publisher,
  8. Publication date,
  9. Location.

Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown above.

Style Guides

Sample MLA Citations


Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Publisher, Publication date.


Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages.


Lastname, Firstname. "Title of Article or Page." Title of Website, Publisher, Publication date, URL.

Article in a Library Database

Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Journal vol. #, no. #, date year, pp. ##-##. Title of Database, doi:10.1017/S0018246X06005966. Accessed [Date Month Year].

In-Text Citations

MLA in-text citations include:

  • The author's last name
  • Page number for a direct quote or paraphrase

You must also have a corresponding citation in your works cited list.


Jones writes that libraries are at the center of college campuses (65).


Libraries are thought to be at the center of college campuses (Jones 65).


"A focal point of the college campus is the library" (Jones 65).