Skip to main content

Citation Tools: APA

APA, 6th ed.

APA is the citation style of the American Psychological Association. It is most commonly used in the Social Sciences, Business, and Nursing.

APA citations usually follow this format:

Contributors (Date). Title (Secondary Contributors). Publication Information.

Style Guides

Sample APA Citations


Lastname, Firstinitial. (Publication Year). Title. (Edition, report or volume number if provided). City of Publication: Publisher.


Lastname, Firstinitial. (Year). Title. Journal Name, vol(issue), Page range. DOI: (if no DOI use Retrieved from URL; no period after URL)


Lastname, Firstinitial. (Date). Website Title. Retrieved from URL

In-Text Citations

When you're citing a source within your paper, you need at least two pieces of information:

  • The last name of the author or authors (or first words of the title if no author’s name is given)
  • The year that the source was published
  • Page number for a direct quote or paraphrase

You must also have a corresponding full citation in your references list.


Jones (2015) writes that libraries are at the center of the college campus (p. 65).


Libraries are often considered to be at the heart of the college campus (Jones, 2015, p. 65).


"A focal point of the college campus is the library" (Jones, 2015, p. 65)